ranking system or pecking order among members of a long-term social group, where dominance status affects access to resources or mates. The Striped ground squirrel is an African rodent, having 6 sub-species. Confused by terms such as ‘genus’, ‘family’ and ‘class’? All of the members of Marmotini spend much of their lives on the ground rather than in trees. This material is based upon work supported by the A new Pliocene Xerine sciurid (Rodentia) from Kossom Bougoudi, Chad. Rodentia, Lagomorpha, and Tubulidentata, Bulletin of Carnegie Museum of Natural History, The ecological stratification of mammals in the eastern Chercher Highlands of Harar Province, Ethiopia. … "Xerus rutilus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Threat may escalate to short lunges. They are native to Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Hollister, N. 1919. living in landscapes dominated by human agriculture. Active Wild Pinterest Active Wild Facebook. Hares and rodents. The African unstriped ground squirrel (Xerus rutilus) is widely dispersed across various habitats in East Africa and hence encounters a diverse suite of predators and plant communities.It is … With a total body-tail length of around 42.4 to 47.6 cm (16.7 to 18.7 in), the Cape ground squirrel is smaller than the striped ground squirrel. Denys, C., L. Viriot, R. Daams, P. Pelaez-Campomanes, P. Vignaud, L. Andossa, M. Brunet. the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic. Accessed Topics http://archive.org/stream/cbarchive_101509_achecklistofthelandmammalsofth1950/XX_No.1_90__274_1950_Swynnerton#page/n107/mode/2up/search/Xerus+rutilus, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03749444.1976.10736830#.UoZpesQTUkw. However, there have been observations of mating. "IUCN 2013. Tropical Pest Management, 36(3): 223-229. Subfamily Xerinae marmots, ground squirrels, African squirrels, and relatives. Scientific papers IX. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1923: 209-246. African ground squirrels may feed on crops, and are seen as pests in some regions. 2 Waste Not Wednesday-161 – Raggedy Bits 3 Squirrels… They live in isolated burrow systems, which they may occupy alone or with one other adult of either sex. afars & issas - 314 - mh - 1967 - unstriped ground squirrel. Savannas are grasslands with scattered individual trees that do not form a closed canopy. Additionally, O’Shea (1976) indicated that males are in breeding condition throughout the year, as confirmed by testes condition and sexual behavior. Xenops Facts: Discover A Group Of Often Overlooked Rainforest Birds, European Mantis Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information. The Unstriped Ground Squirrel (Xerus rutilus) is a rodent mammal of the Sciuridae family. 1972. While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. London: Hurst and Blackett. Similar Images . News and facts about animals, natural history and science. It inhabits mountainous or hilly areas with sparse vegetation. 5 Amazon Com The Red Squirrel At Home Wall Calendar 2021 300 300 Mm Square Office Products. October 21, 2013 The chromosome number is 2n = 38. Accessed January 24, 2021 at https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Xerus_rutilus/. offspring are produced in more than one group (litters, clutches, etc.) They are diurnal and terrestrial, living in burrows. These particular rodents share a tribe, known as Marmotini. De Winton, W. 1898. The large eyes are ringed white and there is a white patch in front of the small, slit-like ears. Martinez-Welgan, I. The classification of the Sciuridae. (O'Shea, 1976; O'Shea, 1991), Communication in unstriped ground squirrels is achieved primarily by posturing, tail positioning, and tail movement. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Ground squirrels … Journal of Mammalogy, 63: 168-173. Monitore Zoologico Italiano, Supplemento, 8:1: 1-118. Although only seven of ten hibernating squirrels … October 21, 2013 Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 52: 13-51. The Journal of Parasitology, 41: 361-373. The male approaches and begins sniffing the female, who responds by assuming a prostrate position. It is possible that breeding season varies geographically or with climate conditions. Unstriped ground squirrels also retreat to burrows during periods of extreme heat or heavy rainfall or when seeking safety. The ground-squirrel parasites, H. calcarata Neumann, 1902, and H. houyi Nuttall and Warburton, 1915 (Ixodoidea, Ixodidae). The rodents of Uganda. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Key, G. 1990. The undersides and face are white / gray. (Grubb and Oguge, 2008), The name Xerus is derived from the Greek xeros, meaning “dry”, either in reference to the aridity of the species’ habitat or to the bristly texture of its pelage. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 84: 691. Experientia, 30: 889-891. A checklist of the land mammals of the Tanganyika Territory and the Zanzibar protectorate. Contributions to our knowledge of the duration of life in vertebrate animals. Sur quelques insectes (Siphonaptera, Anoplura) ectoparasites de mammiferes dans la Basse Vallee De L’omo (Ethiopie). Dollman, G. 1911. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1931: 145-234. 1981. Females likely produce two young per litter. Burrow systems are the major refuges used by unstriped ground squirrels when fleeing from danger. The female will stop occasionally to scent-mark the ground by dragging her perineal region along it. © 2020 Regents of the University of Michigan. All Rights Reserved. Hawker during his recent expedition to Somaliland. Ecogeographical aspects of tick distribution. Click the picture above for more details & to view free sample pages! Its tail is almost as long again. The male then mounts the female by grasping behind the shoulders with both forepaws. Widely sympatric with striped ground squirrel… Additional support has come from the Marisla Foundation, UM College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, Museum of Zoology, and Information and Technology Services. Check out our page on animal classification: Discover amazing animals from all around the world: Now you know all about animals in the genus. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1898: 761-768. The Hague, Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk Publishers. As soon as they stop, these squirrels raise the tail over their back and sits up on their haunches to confirm the danger before disappearing into the burrow. Although snakes were not detected in the study, these and other reptiles also likely prey on them. uses smells or other chemicals to communicate. The mountain ground squirrel is closely related to the Cape ground squirrel. File:Squirrel eating.ogg The living squirrels are divided into five subfamilies, with about 58 … Search in feature Ingersol, R. 1968. Coe (1972) indicates that more than 50 percent of their diet is dry seeds and leaves. Contents hide 1 At that time she called me, and i came and removed the dead juvenile squirrel from the wall. (Fanson, et al., 2010; O'Shea, 1976), Unstriped ground squirrels are potential prey for the rich array of avian, reptilian, and mammalian predators found in East African arid regions. II. Former burrow systems are temporarily abandoned and old, unoccupied burrows are re-excavated for the purposes of rearing young. Urine was collected at 9 and 26 hours and blood was collected at 0 and 26 hours. ActiveWild.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon stores. Pre-harvest crop losses to the African striped ground squirrel, Xerus erythropus, in Kenya. Hares and rodents, Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society. East African mammals in the United States National Museum, II. Morphologie, evolution et position systematique de Catenotaenia pusilla (Goeze, 1782) cestode parasite de Rongeurs. The Animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket Guides! Grubb, P., N. Oguge. 1951. nov. and extant Xerus rutilus were determined using cladistic analysis of craniodental characters. Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society, 20: 274-392. Relative brain size among African squirrels. A grassland with scattered trees or scattered clumps of trees, a type of community intermediate between grassland and forest. Ecological studies of the small mammals of South Turkana. They include avian raptors, including tawny eagles (Aquila rapax), bateleurs (Terathopius ecaudatus), martial eagles (Polemaetus bellicosus), as well as mammalian predators including leopards (Panthera pardus) and black-backed jackals (Canis mesomelas). It is found in dry grassland habitats in Botswana, South Africa and Namibia. Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique, 6: 867-880. Discover A Widespread Praying Mantis Species…, Ocean Animals: A List Of Animals That Live In The Ocean With Pictures & Facts – Plus FREE question sheet, Lion’s Mane Jellyfish Facts, Pictures, Information & Video, Raccoon Facts, Pictures & Information: Discover An Adaptable, Nocturnal North American Mammal, Gray Fox Facts. 1-5, 3 figs. (On-line). They were originally thought to consume a diet limited to roots, rice, and "jowari" (a variety of cultivated Sorghum), but Kingdon (1974) describes a more generalist diet which includes wild roots, pods, seeds, fruit, stems, and leaves, as well as some insects. The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. Unstriped ground squirrels adjust their foraging behavior relative to perceived predation risk and store food via scatter hoarding. In addition, four active non-hibernating ground squirrels were placed in a cage at room temperature with neither food or water. (O'Shea, 1976; O'Shea, 1991), Longevity under natural conditions is unknown, but there is one report of a male X. rutilus captured on the Blue Nile in 1913 surviving 6 years 1 month 26 days in captivity. Journal of Zoology, 193: 333-354. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 8, vol 7: 518-529. Join the thousands of Active Wild subscribers who receive free wildlife and science news & info direct to their inboxes! Help us improve the site by taking our survey. They have coarse and short hair and are known to be social animals. Notes on African Haemaphysalis ticks. 1974. O'Shea, T. 1976. They are endemic to East Africa and have been recorded in the region encompassed by Sudan, Tanzania and Somalia. It is found in dry grasslands and some mountainous regions. Brown. After 3 to 4 weeks following the emergence and weaning of young, the female abandons the maternity burrow and returns to her original burrow. The mammals of Somaliland. It is found in Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. They live in burrows at the stem bases of … Unstriped ground squirrels belong to the Xerini tribe of ground squirrels characteristic of the arid country of northeastern Africa. O'Shea, T. 1991. at www.iucnredlist.org. Additionally, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) indicates that X. rutilus is a significant agricultural pest species in arid parts of Kenya, with density estimates in Turkana, Kenya, reaching 848 individuals per square kilometer. They then forage in open areas, retreating to the shade provided by bushes such as Salvadora during the heat of the day, where they continue to forage on fruit and seeds. The Cape ground squirrel is red-brown in color, with paler undersides and face. London: Collins. Finally, the unstriped ground squirrel (scientific name: Xerus rutilus) can be found in the grasslands, woodlands, and rocky areas of the northeastern areas of both Sudan and Tanzania. Pocock, R. 1923. List of mammals from British East Africa, obtained by Mr. Robin Kemp and presented to the British Museum by Mr. C. D. Rudd, with additional notes on specimens collected and presented by Mr. A. Blaney Percival. Yalden, et al. Upon emergence, they engage in sunbathing for periods up to 30 minutes. animals that use metabolically generated heat to regulate body temperature independently of ambient temperature. It is from eastern Africa, in countries such as Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Sudan, Somalia, Djibouti, … The Cape ground squirrel is also known as the South African ground squirrel. Leishmania aethiopica, which causes both simple cutaneous and diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis in humans, has been isolated from X. rutilus. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The male then chases the female, and approaches her posterior region. 22x18 inch (580x480 mm) frame with high quality RA4 print and mount individually cut to size. Chromosomes of the African ground squirrel, Xerus rutilus (Rodentia: Sciuridae). In fact, the two species are so similar that it can be different to tell them apart. at http://archive.org/stream/cbarchive_101509_achecklistofthelandmammalsofth1950/XX_No.1_90__274_1950_Swynnerton#page/n107/mode/2up/search/Xerus+rutilus. Photo about Unstriped ground squirrel, Xerus rutilus, is walking on termite nest in Ethiopia, Africa. Except for periods immediately following emergence and prior to retreat, unstriped ground squirrels are not usually near the burrows. Unstriped Ground Squirrel Xerus rutilus (Cretzschmar, 1828) kingdom Animalia - animals » phylum Chordata - chordates » class Mammalia - mammals » order Rodentia - rodents » family Sciuridae - squirrels … There is a dominance hierarchy, with males dominant over females and juveniles. They are omnivorous, with diets typically consisting of plant matter such as bulbs, fruit, grasses and herbs, together with insects, eggs, and small animals. 1978. A terrestrial biome. This is often enough to drive the predator away. Joyeux, C., J. Baer. It is possible that chemical cues, such as pheromones, are also used in communication. Hoogstraal, H. 1955. These lunges are initiated from a variety of postures, but most frequently from a quadrupedal stance with the hind feet flat beneath the body, the back slightly arched, and one forepaw lifted off the ground. 370: pp. (O'Shea, 1976), Unstriped ground squirrels are diurnal foragers. Iteroparous animals must, by definition, survive over multiple seasons (or periodic condition changes). Disclaimer: having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. Washington: Bulletin of the United States National Museum. Beaucournu, J., F. Rodhain, R. Houin. (2010) found that they appear unaffected by tannins and forage to some extent on oxalic containing foods. scrub forests develop in areas that experience dry seasons. having the capacity to move from one place to another. Considered the most common ground squirrel of eastern Ethiopia, their geographic range in Kenya appears to be contracting in some areas, possibly as a result of displacement by the larger, more aggressive striped ground squirrels (Xerus erythropus). Classification, To cite this page: The American Society of Mammalogists, Mammalian Species No. Journal of Mammalogy, 57: 450-460. London and New York: Academic Press. (1976) compiled the following list of synonyms for all forms recorded from Ethiopia (some of which may represent valid subspecies): Sciurus rutilus CRETZSCHMAR, 1828, Sciurus (Xerus) brachyolus HEMPRICH & EHRENBERG, 1828, Xerus dabagala HEDGLIN, 1861, Sciurus (Xerus) fuscus HUET, 1880, Xerus saturatus NEUMANN, 1900, Xerus rutilus intensus THOMAS, 1904, Xerus rutilus stephanicus THOMAS, 1906. However, Kingdon (1974) collected small juvenile X. rutilus throughout most months of the year and so concluded that breeding occurred throughout the annual cycle. Read on to learn about the Ground Squirrel. Lifespan in the wild is not reported. Martin, G. 1986. 1945. Unstriped ground squirrels exhibit behavioral thermoregulation. They live in colonies and are active during the day. Mace, G., P. Harvey, T. Clutton-Brock. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 23(3): 676–687. The unstriped ground squirrel is found several east African countries, including Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya. … Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society, 18: 142-147. Flower, S. 1931. Striped ground squirrels are the only African ground squirrels that occur sympatrically with unstriped ground squirrels. Stillwater: Oklahoma State University. The species occurs in a number of protected areas (such as Samburu National Reserve, Kenya), and is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category. ?Group size: Usually singletonsAbundance as of May 2015: ??? Version 2013.1." Its natural habitats are dry … A field guide to the larger mammals of Africa. Unstriped ground squirrel (Xerus rutilus) of the Xerini. The coloration of this large ground squirrel is sandy-brown or dark-brown overall and white on the under-parts. Bulletin of Carnegie Museum of Natural History, 6: 109-112. The mountain ground squirrel is less social than the Cape ground squirrel, with males often being solitary, and females living either alone or in small family groups. Fire and grazing are important in the long-term maintenance of grasslands. Apparently, all the other ground squirrels in the area have some form of stripes. Abebe, A., D. Evans, T. Gemetchu. Click on the photo below to discover this week’s animal! Follow the link below to find out more and to sign up! Ecological studies in southern Africa, Vol. (Coe, 1972; Delany, 1975; Dollman, 1911; Dorst and Dandelot, 1970; Drake-Brockman, 1910; Hollister, 1919; Ingersol, 1968; Kingdon, 1974; Mace, et al., 1981; Nadler and Hoffmann, 1974; O'Shea, 1991; Pocock, 1923; Roth and Thorington Jr, 1982; Toschi, 1945; Yalden, et al., 1976), The mating system of this species is not known. Kingdon (1974) identified the following local names: kindi, kidiri (Swahili), ekunyuk, ngikunyuko (Karamojong), eetata (Kiliangulu). Threat by a dominant squirrel is conveyed with rough scolding chatter; subordinate ground squirrels respond with a low, gentle chirring sound. ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Referring to a burrowing life-style or behavior, specialized for digging or burrowing. Unstriped ground squirrel … Rodentia, Lagomorpha, and Tubulidentata. Vegetation is made up mostly of grasses, the height and species diversity of which depend largely on the amount of moisture available. Color varies somewhat according to region, but these squirrels are generally described as tawny to reddish-brown with a darker dorsum. In ground squirrel: Tropical ground squirrels. African Zoology, 45(2): 265-272. Drake-Brockman, R. 1910. #149902528 - Unstriped ground squirrel Xerus rutilus Amboseli National Park.. Add to Likebox #149931498 - caption of a cute cape ground squirrel eating close up. London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). IIB. Even Africa has squirrels. having markings, coloration, shapes, or other features that cause an animal to be camouflaged in its natural environment; being difficult to see or otherwise detect. They appear to molt at all times of the year. (De Winton, 1898; Flower, 1931; O'Shea, 1991), Unstriped ground squirrels are diurnal and mainly solitary. Grants DRL 0089283, DRL 0628151, DUE 0633095, DRL 0918590, and DUE 1122742. Adult males may also visually signal their sexual identity using an upright alert posture which exposes their large, conspicuous scrota. In the Somali language unstriped ground squirrels are called “dabagalleh”, which means “the possessor of a tail like a sheath or scabbard”. (Drake-Brockman, 1910; Hollister, 1919; Hubert, 1978; Ingersol, 1968; Kingdon, 1974; O'Shea, 1976; O'Shea, 1991), Prior to parturition, pregnant females establish maternity burrows at the peripheries of their home range. The female may also vocalize as she moves away from the male, uttering a soft chirring sound. breeding is confined to a particular season, reproduction that includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female, places a food item in a special place to be eaten later. Nadler, C., A. Hoffmann. Convergent in birds. The South Turkana expedition. (Drake-Brockman, 1910; Kingdon, 1974; O'Shea, 1991), Fossilized remains of a terrestrial squirrel belonging to the genus Xerus was unearthed at the Pliocene site of Kossom Bougoudi in Chad. Accessed Also called "hoarding". Yalden, D., M. Largen, D. Kock. the region of the earth that surrounds the equator, from 23.5 degrees north to 23.5 degrees south. The male follows the retreating female with the tail extended dorsally, stopping to sniff the female’s scent markings. 1976. Dorst and Dandelot (1970) indicate that the tail is mixed with black and white. These squirrels … Ecological factors affecting the foraging behaviour of Xerus rutilus. 1945. Unstriped ground squirrel (Xerus rutilus) Altitude range: 1700 – 2200 m Main habitats: BushlandPercentage of Lolldaiga used: ?? Burrows are not the centers of diurnal activity for adults. at http://ia700402.us.archive.org/8/items/annalsmagazineof871911lond/annalsmagazineof871911lond.pdf.. Dorst, J., P. Dandelot. The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. Unstriped ground squirrel Unstriped ground squirrel is a tourist attraction in Central Uganda.Unstriped ground squirrel is situated in Pearl Village - Akright City, northwest of Sekiunga. Chasing normally occurs after the chattering vocalization, but rather than ending in combat, chases tend to end abruptly when the more aggressive individual simply stops running. Close phylogenetic affinities of the fossil, Xerus daamsi sp. The Barbary ground squirrel is found further north than other African ground squirrels, being present in Algeria, Morocco and Western Sahara (a small population of striped ground squirrels is also present in Morocco). The Barbary ground squirrel is active during the day, but will retreat into its burrow when the sun is at its hottest. Like their North American cousins the marmots and prairie dogs, African ground squirrels are burrowing animals. Unstriped Ground Squirrel, Xerus rutilus (northeastern Sudan to northeastern Tanzania) The squirrels live in open woodlands, grasslands, or rocky country. 1990. The isolation of Leishmania aethiopica from the ground squirrel Xerus rutilus. Similar Images . Journal of Arid Environments, 11: 173-180. The tail display that is used in mating has only been observed in adult males, but are also exhibited when adult males encounter juveniles of either sex. (Denys, et al., 2003), In 1945, Toschi indicated that mammalogists at the time recognised the seven geographical races of the species X. rutilus: X. r. rutilus Cretzchmar (including the synonymous Sciurus abessinicus Grrielin, Sciurus brachyotus Hemprich and Ehremberg, Sciurus fuscus Huet), X. r. dabagala Heuglin, X. r. intensus Thomas, X. r. rufifrons (Sciurus xerus fiavus of A. Milne-Edward may be a synonym of X. r. rufifrons), X. r. stephanicus, X. r. dorsalis, X. r. saturatus. The three-striped ground squirrel (L. insignis), also of the Sunda Islands, is reported to eat fruit, roots, and insects; plain long-nosed ground squirrels (genus Dremomys) eat fruit, insects, and earthworms.The two species of Sulawesi ground squirrel … Home ranges identified during the period December to April were found to be considerably larger for males than females, ranging on average from 7.01 to 1.37 hectares, respectively. Insectivora and Rodentia. Copyright © 2021 ActiveWild.com. Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a (now extinct) synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities. Isabel Martinez-Welgan (author), University of Manitoba, Jane Waterman (editor), University of Manitoba, Tanya Dewey (editor), University of Michigan-Ann Arbor. Roth, V., R. Thorington Jr. 1982. The unstriped ground squirrel (Xerus rutilus) is a species of rodent (order Rodentia) in the family Sciuridae. In Harar Province, Ethiopia, they are also recorded around stands of prickly pear cactus. Kingdon (1974) identified three races, but noted that they may not reflect distinctions between neighboring populations but rather within species color variation, as color was the criterion on which the races were originally described: X. r. dorsalis (western Kenya and Karamoja), X. r. rufifrons (northern Kenya), X. r. saturatus (southeast Kenya and northeast Tanzania). African ground squirrels are rodents in the family Sciuridae, the squirrel family. The animal also exhibits a white lateral stripe. They can survive in … Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. October 21, 2013 The female responds by taking a submissive posture and rolling onto her side, allowing the male to approach and investigate. List of the mammals obtained by Mr. R. McD. A male will approach a female with a characteristic tail display which involves piloerection of the tail while it is arched over the back. Unstriped ground squirrels have sparsely furred undersides and are described as “harsh-furred” squirrels due to the coarse, bristly texture of the pelage. (Coe, 1972; De Winton, 1898; Drake-Brockman, 1910; Fanson, et al., 2010; Kingdon, 1974; O'Shea, 1976), The main predators of unstriped ground squirrels have been described for the Ngulia Rhino Sanctuary, Tsavo West National Park, Kenya. There are no documented positive effects of X. rutilus on humans. Extensive savannas are found in parts of subtropical and tropical Africa and South America, and in Australia. active during the day, 2. lasting for one day. Here we present preliminary information on the distribution, abundance, and habitat requirements for 42 of the 54 larger mammals that are known to occur on Lolldaiga Hills Ranch, as well as for two smaller mammals (i.e., unstriped ground squirrel and striped ground squirrel). Agonistic behavior in X. rutilus ranges from threat to combat. Typical habitat for the species is dry savanna and shrubland. The tail, colored rufous above and whitish below, is flat in appearance with long hairs projecting from each side. (It’s completely free, you can unsubscribe at any time, and we’ll never share your details.). Add to Likebox #149926118 - Cape ground squirrel… … A colony of Cape ground squirrels responds to the presence of a snake with mobbing behavior. Learn more. Xerus rutilus. … we always leave feedback. (Drake-Brockman, 1910; Hollister, 1919; Hubert, 1978; Ingersol, 1968; Kingdon, 1974; O'Shea, 1976; O'Shea, 1991), Drake-Brockman (1910) indicated that breeding occurs during March and April, which coincides generally with Hubert’s (1978) observation that reproduction in X. rutilus is initiated following the onset of the rainy season. Xerus rutilus. The IUCN Red List classifies X. rutilus as a species of Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and its tolerance for some degree of habitat modification. The unstriped ground squirrel is found several east African countries, including Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya. 1970. (Coe, 1972; Delany, 1975; Dorst and Dandelot, 1970; Hubert, 1978; Ingersol, 1968; Key, 1990; Kingdon, 1974; Martin, 1986; O'Shea, 1976; O'Shea, 1991; Swynnerton and Hayman, 1951; Toschi, 1945; Yalden, et al., 1976), Unstriped ground squirrels are fossorial and associated with arid, open shrub and bush savannah, as well as riverine areas where the soil is soft for burrowing. Coe, M. 1972. As its name suggests, the unstriped ground squirrel is the only member of the genus Xerus not to have a line running along its flanks. Actual combat is very rare in X. rutilus. As their name suggests, the African ground squirrels are terrestrial (ground-dwelling). As the name suggests, this squirrel lacks distinctive side stripes. Toschi, A. A Ground Squirrel is any of several rodents in the Sciuridae, or squirrel, family. please visit our ebay store for additional listings. Four of the five African ground squirrel species are in the genus Xerus: the striped ground squirrel; Cape ground squirrel / South African ground squirrel; mountain ground squirrel / Damara ground squirrel; and unstriped ground squirrel. IIB. (Kingdon, 1974; Toschi, 1945; Yalden, et al., 1976). 7 9 Ways To Squirrel Proof Your Bird Feeder. Xerinae: pictures (207) Xerinae: specimens (37) Tribe Xerini African ground squirrels. (Abebe, et al., 1990; Coe, 1972; Dorst and Dandelot, 1970; Grubb and Oguge, 2008; Hoogstraal, 1955), There appear to be no major threats to this species as a whole. Unstriped ground squirrels retreat to their burrows in the late afternoon. Pregnant females containing two embryos have been collected in both Kenya and Ethiopia and one or two juveniles per female have been reported for a population near Kibwezi in south-central Kenya. A terrestrial biome found in temperate latitudes (>23.5° N or S latitude). Unstriped ground squirrel Xerus rutilus - Public Domain image from section: animals/S/squirrel/ground squirrel/ at wpclipart.com. Kingdon, J. Fanson, et al. Brain size and ecology in small mammals. Ground squirrels belonging to the genus Xerus, including X. rutilus, may cause considerable damage to crops, especially maize, ground nuts, yam, and cassava.